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Ethiopia


Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/71/Flag_of_Ethiopia.svg/50px-Flag_of_Ethiopia.svg.png

Description. Lang: en

Ethiopia (; Amharic: ኢትዮጵያ, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā (listen), Afar: Itiyoophiyaa, Ge'ez: ኢትዮጵያ. Oromo: Itoophiyaa, Somali: Itoobiya, Tigrinya: ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country in  East Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia to the east, Kenya to the south, South Sudan to the west and Sudan to the northwest. With over 109 million inhabitants as of 2019, Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the world and the second-most populous nation on the African continent (after Nigeria). The country has a total area of 1,100,000 square kilometres (420,000 sq mi). Its capital and largest city is Addis Ababa, which lies a few miles west of the East African Rift that splits the country into the African and Somali tectonic plates. Ethiopian national identity is grounded in the historic and contemporary roles of Christianity and Islam, and the independence of Ethiopia from foreign rule, stemming from the various ancient Ethiopian kingdoms of antiquity.Some of the oldest skeletal evidence for anatomically modern humans has been found in Ethiopia. It is widely considered as the region from which modern humans first set out for the Middle East and places beyond. According to linguists, the first Afroasiatic-speaking populations settled in the Horn region during the ensuing Neolithic era. Tracing its roots to the 2nd millennium BC, Ethiopia's governmental system was a monarchy for most of its history. Oral literature tells that the monarchy was founded by the Solomonic dynasty of the Queen of Sheba, under its first king, Menelik I. In the first centuries, the Kingdom of Aksum maintained a unified civilization in the region, followed by the Ethiopian Empire c. 1137.
During the late–19th-century Scramble for Africa, Ethiopia and Liberia were the only two nations that preserved their sovereignty from long-term colonisation by a European colonial power, and many newly independent nations on the continent subsequently adopted its flag colours. However, the country was later occupied by Italy in 1936 and became Italian Ethiopia (part of Italian East Africa), until it was liberated during World War II. During the Italian rule, the government abolished slavery, a practice that existed in the country for centuries, and urbanization steadily increased. Ethiopia was also the first independent African member of the 20th-century League of Nations and the United Nations. In 1974, the Ethiopian monarchy under Haile Selassie was overthrown by the Derg, a communist military government backed by the Soviet Union. In 1987, the Derg established the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, but it was overthrown in 1991 by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, which has been the ruling political coalition since.
Ethiopia and Eritrea use the ancient Ge'ez script, which is one of the oldest alphabets still in use in the world. They follow the Ethiopian calendar, which is approximately seven years and three months behind the Gregorian calendar. A majority of the population adheres to Christianity (mainly the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and P'ent'ay), and the historical Kingdom of Aksum was one of the first states to officially adopt the religion, whereas around a third follows Islam (primarily Sunni). The country is the site of the Islamic Migration to Abyssinia and the oldest Muslim settlement in Africa, at Negash. A substantial population of Ethiopian Jews, known as Bete Israel, also resided in Ethiopia until the 1980s. Ethiopia is a multilingual nation, with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans. Most people in the country speak Afroasiatic languages of the Cushitic or Semitic branches. Additionally, Omotic languages are spoken by ethnic minority groups inhabiting the southern regions. Nilo-Saharan languages are also spoken by the nation's Nilotic ethnic minorities. Oromo is the most populous language by native speakers, while Amharic is the most populous by number of total speakers and serves as the working language in the federal government. Ge'ez remains important as a liturgical language for both the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church and for the Beta Israel.
The nation is a land of natural contrasts, with its vast fertile west, its forests and its numerous rivers, and the world's hottest settlement of Dallol in its north. The Ethiopian Highlands are the largest continuous mountain ranges in Africa, and the Sof Omar Caves contains the largest cave on the continent. Ethiopia also has the second-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Africa. Additionally, the sovereign state is a founding member of the UN, the Group of 24 (G-24), the Non-Aligned Movement, the G77 and the Organisation of African Unity. Its capital city, Addis Ababa, serves as the headquarters of the African Union, the Pan African Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, the African Standby Force and many of the global NGOs focused on Africa. In the 1970s and 1980s, Ethiopia experienced civil conflicts and communist purges, which hindered its economy. The country has since recovered and as of 2010 has the largest economy (by GDP) in East Africa, as well as having the largest population in the region. Despite these improvements, it remains one of the world's poorest countries. In addition to poverty, Ethiopia faces hunger, corruption, weak infrastructure, and poor respect for human rights and access to health and education (with an illiteracy rate of 51%), ranking in the worst quartile on the Human Development Index.
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Ethiopia

Ethiopia

Country in East Africa

  • Desc: Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country in East Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia to the east, Kenya to the south, South Sudan to the west and Sudan to the northwest.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopia
  • Type: Country, Place, AdministrativeArea, Thing
  • Result Score: 10024.70
Amharic

Amharic

Spoken language

  • Desc: Amharic is an Ethio-Semitic language, which are a subgrouping within the Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic languages. It is spoken as a first language by the Amharas and as a lingua franca by other populations residing in major cities and towns of Ethiopia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amharic
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 709.57
Ethiopian Airlines

Ethiopian Airlines

Airline

Haile Selassie

Haile Selassie

Former Emperor of Ethiopia

  • Desc: Haile Selassie I was the Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974, and he had been Regent Plenipotentiary of Ethiopia from 1916. He is a defining figure in modern Ethiopian history.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haile_Selassie
  • Type: Thing, Person
  • Result Score: 341.66

Ethiopian cuisine

Cuisine

  • Desc: Ethiopian cuisine characteristically consists of vegetable and often very spicy meat dishes. This is usually in the form of wat, a thick stew, served atop injera, a large sourdough flatbread, which is about 50 centimeters in diameter and made out of fermented teff flour.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_cuisine
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 228.93
Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

Hydroelectric power plant in Ethiopia

Ethiopia national football team

Football team

  • Desc: The Ethiopia national football team, nicknamed Walias, after the Walia ibex, represents Ethiopia in men's international football and is controlled by the Ethiopian Football Federation, the governing body for football in Ethiopia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopia_national_football_team
  • Type: Thing, SportsTeam
  • Result Score: 215.99

The Reporter (Ethiopia)

Newspaper

  • Desc: The Reporter (Ethiopia), also known as The Ethiopian Reporter, is a private newspaper published in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. It appears in both English and Amharic, and is owned by the Media Communications Centre.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Reporter_(Ethiopia)
  • Type: Thing, Periodical
  • Result Score: 151.47
Ethiopian Empire

Ethiopian Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Ethiopian Empire, also known by the exonym Abyssinia, or just simply Ethiopia, was a monarchy that spanned a geographical area in the current states of Ethiopia and Eritrea.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Empire
  • Type: Place, Country, AdministrativeArea, Thing
  • Result Score: 139.15

Ethiopian calendar

Calendar

  • Desc: The Ethiopian calendar is the principal calendar used in Ethiopia and also serves as the liturgical year for Christians in Ethiopia and Eritrea belonging to the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church, Eastern Catholic Churches, the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, and P'ent'ay Churches.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_calendar
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 126.53
Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church

Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church

Church

  • Desc: The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church is the largest of the Oriental Orthodox Christian churches. One of the few pre-colonial Christian churches in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church has a membership of about 36 million people, the majority of whom live in Ethiopia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Orthodox_Tewahedo_Church
  • Type: Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 110.60
Second Italo-Ethiopian War

Second Italo-Ethiopian War

War

  • Desc: The Second Italo-Ethiopian War, also referred to as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War, was a war of aggression which was fought between Italy and Ethiopia from October 1935 to February 1937.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Italo-Ethiopian_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 83.57
Ethiopian wolf

Ethiopian wolf

Animal

  • Desc: The Ethiopian wolf, also known as the Simien jackal or Simien fox, is a canid native to the Ethiopian Highlands. It is similar to the coyote in size and build, and is distinguished by its long and narrow skull, and its red and white fur.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_wolf
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 75.48
Ethiopian birr

Ethiopian birr

Currency

  • Desc: The birr, known before 1976 as the Ethiopian dollar, is the unit of currency in Ethiopia. It is subdivided into 100 santim. In 1931, the Emperor of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie I, formally requested that the international community use the name Ethiopia instead of Abyssinia, and the issuing Bank of Abyssinia also became the Bank of Ethiopia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_birr
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 65.54
Ethiopian Highlands

Ethiopian Highlands

Highland in Ethiopia

  • Desc: The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, situated in northeast part of Africa. It forms the largest continuous area of its elevation in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1,500 m, while the summits reach heights of up to 4,550 m.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Highlands
  • Type: Thing, Mountain, Place
  • Result Score: 63.84

Government of Ethiopia

Government

  • Desc: The Government of Ethiopia is structured in a framework of a federal parliamentary republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. The prime minister is chosen by the parliament. Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament. The Judiciary is more or less independent of the executive and the legislature. They are governed under the 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_of_Ethiopia
  • Type: Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 57.14
Ambo

Ambo

Town in Ethiopia

  • Desc: Ambo is famed as a spa town. Located in the West Shewa Zone of the Oromia Region, west of Addis Ababa, this town has a latitude and longitude of 8°59′N 37°51′E and an elevation of 2101 meters.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambo,_Ethiopia
  • Type: Thing, City, Place
  • Result Score: 56.05
Eritrean–Ethiopian War

Eritrean–Ethiopian War

War

  • Desc: The Eritrean–Ethiopian War, was a conflict that took place between Ethiopia and Eritrea from May 1998 to June 2000, with the final peace only agreed to in 2018, twenty years after the initial confrontation.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eritrean%E2%80%93Ethiopian_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 48.78
First Italo-Ethiopian War

First Italo-Ethiopian War

War

  • Desc: The First Italo-Ethiopian War was fought between Italy and Ethiopia from 1895 to 1896. It originated from the disputed Treaty of Wuchale, which the Italians claimed turned Ethiopia into an Italian protectorate.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Italo-Ethiopian_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 36.42

Geʽez script

Language writing system

  • Desc: Geʽez is a script used as an abugida for several languages of Eritrea and Ethiopia. It originated as an abjad and was first used to write Geʽez, now the liturgical language of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church, the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, and Beta Israel, the Jewish community in Ethiopia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ge%CA%BDez_script
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 33.80
Ensete ventricosum

Ensete ventricosum

Plants

  • Desc: Ensete ventricosum, commonly known as enset or ensete, Ethiopian banana, Abyssinian banana, and false banana, is an herbaceous species of flowering plant in the banana family Musaceae.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ensete_ventricosum
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 33.13
Ethiopian Civil War

Ethiopian Civil War

War

  • Desc: The Ethiopian Civil War was a civil war in Ethiopia and present day Eritrea, fought between the Ethiopian military junta communist governments and Ethio-Eritrean anti-government rebels from September 1974 to June 1991.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Civil_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 33.02

Ethiopia women's national football team

Football team

  • Desc: The Ethiopia women national football team is the national women football team of Ethiopia and has been overseen by the Ethiopian Football Federation. As of June 2017, they are ranked 97th in the world. They are popularly known as Lucy and Dinknesh in reference to the Australopithecus fossil.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopia_women's_national_football_team
  • Type: Thing, SportsTeam, Organization
  • Result Score: 28.23

Central Statistical Agency

Agency

  • Desc: The Central Statistical Agency is an agency of the government of Ethiopia designated to provide all surveys and censuses for that country used to monitor economic and social growth, as well as to act as an official training center in that field.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Statistical_Agency
  • Type: Thing, Organization, GovernmentOrganization
  • Result Score: 27.25
People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

State

  • Desc: The People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia was a Communist state that existed in Ethiopia from 1987 to 1991. The PDRE was established in February 1987 as a Marxist-Leninist one-party state upon the adoption of the 1987 Constitution, three weeks after approval in the national referendum.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People's_Democratic_Republic_of_Ethiopia
  • Type: Thing, Place, Country
  • Result Score: 26.61

Ethiopia

Album by Iwan Fals

  • Type: Thing, MusicAlbum
  • Result Score: 22.40
Xylopia aethiopica

Xylopia aethiopica

Plants

  • Desc: Xylopia aethiopica is an evergreen, aromatic tree, of the Annonaceae family that can grow up to 20m high. It is a native to the lowland rainforest and moist fringe forests in the savanna zones of Africa.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xylopia_aethiopica
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 18.09
Brassica carinata

Brassica carinata

Plants

  • Desc: Brassica carinata is a member of the genus Brassica. It is believed to be a hybrid between Brassica nigra and Brassica oleracea. The flowers attract honey bees to collect pollen and nectar.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brassica_carinata
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 14.41
Bati

Bati

Town in Ethiopia

  • Desc: Bati is a town in north-central Ethiopia. Located in the Oromia Zone of the Amhara Region, east of Dessie this town has a latitude and longitude of 11°11′N 40°1′E with an elevation of 1502 metres above sea level. It is the largest town in Bati woreda.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bati,_Ethiopia
  • Type: Thing, City, Place
  • Result Score: 13.73

Ethiopian Mozambique Airlines

Airline

  • Desc: Ethiopian Mozambique Airlines is an airline based at Maputo International Airport that flies to cities throughout Mozambique. The Ethiopian Airlines subsidiary launched operations in December 2018 using Q400 aircraft; its fleet includes the Boeing 737-800 as well.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Mozambique_Airlines
  • Type: Corporation, Organization, Thing, Airline
  • Result Score: 11.05
Lalibela

Lalibela

Town in Ethiopia

  • Desc: Lalibela is a town in Lasta Amhara Region, Ethiopia famous for its rock-cut monolithic churches. The whole of Lalibela is a large antiquity of the medieval and post-medieval civilization of Ethiopia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lalibela
  • Type: LandmarksOrHistoricalBuildings, Place, City, Thing
  • Result Score: 9.94

Ethiopian Football Federation

League

  • Desc: The Ethiopian Football Federation is the governing body of football in Ethiopia. It organizes all tiers of the national football league and the national team. It was one of the founding members of the Confederation of African Football.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Football_Federation
  • Type: Thing, Organization, SportsOrganization
  • Result Score: 9.22

Ethiopia

Song

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 7.00

Ethiopia

Song by Bill Laswell and Gigi

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 7.00

Ethiopia

Song by Carol A.T. Cole

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 7.00

Ethiopia

Album by The Upsetters

  • Type: Thing, MusicAlbum
  • Result Score: 7.00
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