About 11 results.

First Indochina War


Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/33/First_Indochina_War_COLLAGE.jpg/37px-First_Indochina_War_COLLAGE.jpg

Description. Lang: en

The First Indochina War (generally known as the Indochina War in France, and as the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam) began in French Indochina on December 19, 1946, and lasted until July 20, 1954. Fighting between French forces and their Việt Minh opponents in the south dated from September 1945. The conflict pitted a range of forces, including the French Union's French Far East Expeditionary Corps, led by France and supported by Bảo Đại's Vietnamese National Army against the Việt Minh, led by Hồ Chí Minh and the People's Army of Vietnam led by Võ Nguyên Giáp. Most of the fighting took place in Tonkin in northern Vietnam, although the conflict engulfed the entire country and also extended into the neighboring French Indochina protectorates of Laos and Cambodia.
At the Potsdam Conference in July 1945, the Combined Chiefs of Staff decided that Indochina south of latitude 16° north was to be included in the Southeast Asia Command under British Admiral Mountbatten. Japanese forces located south of that line surrendered to him and those to the north surrendered to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. In September 1945, Chinese forces entered Tonkin, and a small British task force landed at Saigon. The Chinese accepted the Vietnamese government under Hồ Chí Minh, then in power in Hanoi. The British refused to do likewise in Saigon, and deferred to the French there from the outset, against the ostensible support of the Việt Minh authorities by American OSS representatives. On V-J Day, September 2, Hồ Chí Minh had proclaimed in Hanoi the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV). The DRV ruled as the only civil government in all of Vietnam for a period of about 20 days, after the abdication of Emperor Bảo Đại, who had governed under Japanese rule. On 23 September 1945, with the knowledge of the British commander in Saigon, French forces overthrew the local DRV government, and declared French authority restored in Cochinchina. Guerrilla warfare began around Saigon immediately, but the French gradually retook control of the South and North of Indochina. Hồ Chí Minh agreed to negotiate the future status of Vietnam, but the talks, held in France, failed to produce a solution. After over one year of latent conflict, all-out war broke out in December 1946 between French and Việt Minh forces as Hồ Chí Minh and his government went underground. The French tried to stabilize Indochina by reorganizing it as a Federation of Associated States. In 1949, they put former Emperor Bảo Đại back in power, as the ruler of a newly established State of Vietnam.
The first few years of the war involved a low-level rural insurgency against the French. In 1949 the conflict turned into a conventional war between two armies equipped with modern weapons supplied by the United States, China and the Soviet Union. French Union forces included colonial troops from the whole former empire (Moroccan, Algerian, Tunisian, Laotian, Cambodian, and Vietnamese ethnic minorities), French professional troops and units of the French Foreign Legion. The use of metropolitan recruits was forbidden by the government to prevent the war from becoming even more unpopular at home. It was called the "dirty war" (la sale guerre) by leftists in France.The strategy of pushing the Việt Minh into attacking well-defended bases in remote parts of the country at the end of their logistical trails was validated at the Battle of Nà Sản. However, this base was relatively weak because of a lack of concrete and steel. French efforts were made more difficult due to the limited usefulness of armored tanks in a jungle environment, lack of strong air forces for air cover and carpet bombing, and use of foreign recruits from other French colonies (mainly from Algeria, Morocco and even Vietnam). Võ Nguyên Giáp, however, used efficient and novel tactics of direct fire artillery, convoy ambushes and massed anti-aircraft guns to impede land and air supply deliveries together with a strategy based on recruiting a sizable regular army facilitated by wide popular support, a guerrilla warfare doctrine and instruction developed in China, and the use of simple and reliable war material provided by the Soviet Union. This combination proved fatal for the bases' defenses, culminating in a decisive French defeat at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu.At the International Geneva Conference on July 21, 1954, the new socialist French government and the Việt Minh made an agreement which effectively gave the Việt Minh control of North Vietnam above the 17th parallel.  The south continued under Bảo Đại. The agreement was denounced by the State of Vietnam and by the United States. A year later, Bảo Đại would be deposed by his prime minister, Ngô Đình Diệm, creating the Republic of Vietnam. Soon an insurgency, backed by the north, developed against Diệm's government. The conflict gradually escalated into the Vietnam War (1955-1975).
Description provided by Wikipedia.

Google Suggest

Search predictions are possible search terms you can use that are related to the terms you’re typing and what other people are searching for.

Entity Index

This is the list of all entities in this result page. Click an entity to go directly to the entity box.

Wiki Authority Control

Authority control is a method of creating and maintaining index terms for bibliographical material in a library catalogue. The links produced by the authority control template on Wikipedia go to authority control data in worldwide library catalogues.

Google Knowledge Graph

First Indochina War

First Indochina War

War

  • Desc: The First Indochina War began in French Indochina on December 19, 1946, and lasted until July 20, 1954. Fighting between French forces and their Việt Minh opponents in the south dated from September 1945.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Indochina_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 11024.58
Vietnam War

Vietnam War

War

  • Desc: The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America or simply the American War, was a conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 77.33

First Indochina War

Event

  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 43.00

A Yank in Indo-China

1952 film

  • Desc: A Yank in Indo-China is a 1952 American war film directed by Wallace Grissell and starring John Archer. It was one of the few American films to be set during the First Indochina War.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Yank_in_Indo-China
  • Type: Thing, Movie
  • Result Score: 3.96

Lyndon B. Johnson's Vietnam Papers: A Documentary Collection

Book by Lyndon B. Johnson

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 3.70

Indochina Wars

War

  • Desc: The Indochina Wars were a series of wars fought in Southeast Asia from 1945 to 1991, between communist Indochinese forces against mainly French, South Vietnamese, American, Cambodian, Laotian and Chinese forces.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indochina_Wars
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 2.72

The Geneva Conference of 1954 on Indochina

Book by James Cable

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 1.99

Ho

Book by David Halberstam

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00

The First 78 Years

Book by Donald M. Wilson

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00

The Vietnam War

Book by Mitchell K. Hall

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00
Try searching in other languages: en - it - fr - de - es - pt
Entities Finder | Cluster.army | Keyword Tool | URLs Match | Cache index

This process used 24 ms for its computations It spent 0 ms in system calls .