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Gothic Line


Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/Ww2_europe_map_italy_june_until_december_1944.jpg/50px-Ww2_europe_map_italy_june_until_december_1944.jpg

Description. Lang: en

The Gothic Line (German: Gotenstellung; Italian: Linea Gotica) was a German defensive line of the Italian Campaign of World War II. It formed Field Marshal Albert Kesselring's last major line of defence along the summits of the northern part of the Apennine Mountains during the fighting retreat of the German forces in Italy against the Allied Armies in Italy, commanded by General Sir Harold Alexander.
Adolf Hitler had concerns about the state of preparation of the Gothic Line: he feared the Allies would use amphibious landings to outflank its defences. To downgrade its importance in the eyes of both friend and foe, he ordered the name, with its historic connotations, changed, reasoning that if the Allies managed to break through they would not be able to use the more impressive name to magnify their victory claims. In response to this order, Kesselring renamed it the "Green Line" (Grüne Linie) in June 1944.
Using more than 15,000 slave labourers, the Germans created more than 2,000 well-fortified machine gun nests, casemates, bunkers, observation posts and artillery fighting positions to repel any attempt to breach the Gothic Line. Initially this line was breached during Operation Olive (also sometimes known as the Battle of Rimini), but Kesselring's forces were consistently able to retire in good order. This continued to be the case up to March 1945, with the Gothic Line being breached but with no decisive breakthrough; this would not take place until April 1945 during the final Allied offensive of the Italian Campaign.Operation Olive has been described as the biggest battle of materials ever fought in Italy. Over 1,200,000 men participated in the battle. The battle took the form of a pincer manoeuvre, carried out by the British Eighth Army and the U.S. Fifth Army against the German 10th Army (10. Armee) and German 14th Army (14. Armee). Rimini, a city which had been hit by previous air raids, had 1,470,000 rounds fired against it by allied land forces. According to Lieutenant-General Oliver Leese, commander of the British Eighth Army:

The battle of Rimini was one of the hardest battles of Eighth Army. The fighting was comparable to El Alamein, Mareth and the Gustav Line (Monte-Cassino).


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Gothic Line

Gothic Line

War

  • Desc: The Gothic Line was a German defensive line of the Italian Campaign of World War II. It formed Field Marshal Albert Kesselring's last major line of defence along the summits of the northern part of the Apennine Mountains during the fighting retreat of the German forces in Italy against the Allied Armies in Italy, commanded by General Sir Harold Alexander.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gothic_Line
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 3089.57
Lord of the Lost

Lord of the Lost

Band

Jack Off Jill

Jack Off Jill

Rock band

Ancient

Band

A Madness So Discreet

Book by Mindy McGinnis

  • Desc: A Madness So Discreet is a book by Mindy McGinnis and published by Katherine Tegen Books on 6 October 2016 which later won the Edgar Award for Best Young Adult in 2016.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Madness_So_Discreet
  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 21.26

Trail of Tears

Band

Art History

Book by Marilyn Stokstad

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 16.84

Cauda Pavonis

Band

  • Desc: Cauda Pavonis are an English deathrock band founded in 1998, by Su Farr and Dave Wainwright. Originally conceived as a 'dark romantic' experience, Cauda Pavonis broke onto the UK goth circuit supporting acts such as Star Industry and Inkubus Sukkubus.
  • URL: http://www.caudapavonis.com/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cauda_Pavonis
  • Type: Thing, MusicGroup
  • Result Score: 13.70

The Gothic line

Book by Mark Zuehlke

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 12.00

Creaming Jesus

Band

Without Face

Band

  • Desc: Without Face were one of the most famous internationally known Hungarian progressive metal band. They were formed in the city of Veszprém, Hungary in 1997.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Without_Face
  • Type: Thing, MusicGroup
  • Result Score: 10.68

Grooving in Green

Rock band

Trailer Bride

Trailer Bride

Rock band

  • Desc: Trailer Bride was a Chapel Hill, North Carolina-based alternative country rock band signed to Bloodshot Records. Formed in 1993, the band consisted of Melissa Swingle, Robert Mitchener, Brad Goolsby, Bryon Settle and Scott Goolsby.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trailer_Bride
  • Type: Thing, MusicGroup
  • Result Score: 9.37

Aunt Dimity and the Duke

Book by Nancy Atherton

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 8.59

Die Laughing

Band

  • Desc: Die Laughing are a female-fronted English goth band formed in 1986 by John Berry. Die Laughing are mainly remembered for their input to the 1990s goth scene with the classic lineup of Rachel Speight, John Berry and Ian Holman.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Die_Laughing_(band)
  • Type: Thing, MusicGroup
  • Result Score: 6.75

The Whole Story and Other Stories

Book by Ali Smith

  • Desc: The Whole Story and Other Stories is a short story collection by Scottish Booker-shortlisted author Ali Smith, first published in 2003 by Hamish Hamilton. It contains twelve stories:- "The Universal Story": A man buys up every copy of The Great Gatsby in a second-hand bookshop.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Whole_Story_and_Other_Stories
  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 3.23

The Minotaur

Novel by Ruth Rendell

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