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Johann Sebastian Bach


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Description. Lang: en

Johann Sebastian Bach (31 March [O.S. 21 March] 1685 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Brandenburg Concertos and the Goldberg Variations, and for vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach Revival he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time.The Bach family already counted several composers when Johann Sebastian was born as the last child of a city musician in Eisenach. After being orphaned at age 10, he lived for five years with his eldest brother Johann Christoph, after which he continued his musical formation in Lüneburg. From 1703 he was back in Thuringia, working as a musician for Protestant churches in Arnstadt and Mühlhausen and, for longer stretches of time, at courts in Weimar, where he expanded his organ repertory, and Köthen, where he was mostly engaged with chamber music. From 1723 he was employed as Thomaskantor (cantor at St. Thomas) in Leipzig. He composed music for the principal Lutheran churches of the city, and for its university's student ensemble Collegium Musicum. From 1726 he published some of his keyboard and organ music. In Leipzig, as had happened during some of his earlier positions, he had difficult relations with his employer, a situation that was little remedied when he was granted the title of court composer by his sovereign, Augustus, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, in 1736. In the last decades of his life he reworked and extended many of his earlier compositions. He died of complications after eye surgery in 1750 at the age of 65.
Bach enriched established German styles through his mastery of counterpoint, harmonic and motivic organisation, and his adaptation of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France. Bach's compositions include hundreds of cantatas, both sacred and secular. He composed Latin church music, Passions, oratorios, and motets. He often adopted Lutheran hymns, not only in his larger vocal works, but for instance also in his four-part chorales and his sacred songs. He wrote extensively for organ and for other keyboard instruments. He composed concertos, for instance for violin and for harpsichord, and suites, as chamber music as well as for orchestra. Many of his works employ the genres of canon and fugue.
Throughout the 18th century Bach was primarily valued as an organist, while his keyboard music, such as The Well-Tempered Clavier, was appreciated for its didactic qualities. The 19th century saw the publication of some major Bach biographies, and by the end of that century all of his known music had been printed. Dissemination of scholarship on the composer continued through periodicals (and later also websites) exclusively devoted to him, and other publications such as the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis (BWV, a numbered catalogue of his works) and new critical editions of his compositions. His music was further popularised through a multitude of arrangements, including, for instance, the Air on the G String, and of recordings, such as three different box sets with complete performances of the composer's oeuvre marking the 250th anniversary of his death.
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Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach

Composer

  • Desc: Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Brandenburg Concertos and the Goldberg Variations, and for vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Sebastian_Bach
  • Type: Person, Thing
  • Result Score: 35966.92

Johann Sebastian Bach

1985 film

  • Type: Thing, Movie
  • Result Score: 599.45

Johann Sebastian Bach

German painter

  • Desc: Johann Sebastian Bach was a German painter. He was the son of composer Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach and the grandson of composer Johann Sebastian Bach. Bach was born in Berlin. He studied under Adam Friedrich Oeser in Leipzig.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Sebastian_Bach_(painter)
  • Type: Person, Thing
  • Result Score: 317.49
Concerto for Two Violins

Concerto for Two Violins

Concerto by Johann Sebastian Bach

  • Desc: The Concerto for Two Violins in D minor, BWV 1043, also known as the Double Violin Concerto, is one of the most famous works by Johann Sebastian Bach and considered among the best examples of the work of the late Baroque period.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concerto_for_Two_Violins_(Bach)
  • Type: Thing, MusicComposition
  • Result Score: 83.16
Violin Concerto in A minor

Violin Concerto in A minor

Concerto by Johann Sebastian Bach

  • Desc: The Violin Concerto in A minor, BWV 1041, was composed by Johann Sebastian Bach. While it is "generally thought to have been composed at Köthen in 1717–23", Christoph Wolff has argued that the work may have been written in Leipzig during Bach's time as director of the Collegium Musicum; John Butt also believes that Bach wrote it "probably soon after taking over the Leipzig Collegium Musicum in 1729".
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Violin_Concerto_in_A_minor_(Bach)
  • Type: Thing, MusicComposition
  • Result Score: 70.27

Johann Sebastian Bach: His Life, Art, and Work

Book by Johann Nikolaus Forkel

Orchestral suites

Musical piece by Johann Sebastian Bach

  • Desc: The four orchestral suites, BWV 1066–1069 are four suites by Johann Sebastian Bach. The name ouverture refers only in part to the opening movement in the style of the French overture, in which a majestic opening section in relatively slow dotted-note rhythm in duple meter is followed by a fast fugal section, then rounded off with a short recapitulation of the opening music.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orchestral_suites_(Bach)
  • Type: Thing, MusicComposition
  • Result Score: 63.14

Johann Sebastian Bach

Album by Johann Sebastian Bach

  • Type: MusicAlbum, Thing
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Book by Werner Felix

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Book by Wilibald Gurlitt

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Book by Hannsdieter Wohlfarth

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Book by Alfred Dürr

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

1958 film

  • Type: Thing, Movie
  • Result Score: 43.00

Violin Concerto in E major

Violin concerto by Johann Sebastian Bach

  • Desc: The Violin Concerto in E major, BWV 1042, by Johann Sebastian Bach is a concerto based on the three-movement Venetian concerto model, albeit with a few unusual features as each movement has "un-Italian characteristics".
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Violin_Concerto_in_E_major_(Bach)
  • Type: Thing, MusicComposition
  • Result Score: 35.83

Air

Song by Berlin Philharmonic, David Bell, and Herbert von Karajan

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 18.75

Johann Sebastian Bach: The Learned Musician

Book by Christoph Wolff

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 11.36

Johann Sebastian Bach

Album by Rafał Blechacz

  • Type: MusicAlbum, Thing
  • Result Score: 3.99

Goldberg Variations

Album by Claudio Arrau, Johann Sebastian Bach, and Wanda Landowska

  • Type: MusicAlbum, Thing
  • Result Score: 2.15
Sebastian Bach

Sebastian Bach

Singer-songwriter

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