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Svalbard


Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c3/Norway-Svalbard.svg/50px-Norway-Svalbard.svg.png

Description. Lang: en

Svalbard ( SVAHL-bar, Urban East Norwegian: [ˈsvɑ̂ːlbɑr] (listen); prior to 1925 known as Spitsbergen, or Spitzbergen, Russian: Шпицберген) is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean. Situated north of mainland Europe, it is about midway between continental Norway and the North Pole. The islands of the group range from 74° to 81° north latitude, and from 10° to 35° east longitude. The largest island is Spitsbergen, followed by Nordaustlandet and Edgeøya. While part of the Kingdom of Norway since 1925, Svalbard is not part of geographical Norway proper; administratively, the archipelago is not part of any Norwegian county, but forms an unincorporated area administered by a governor appointed by the Norwegian government, and a special jurisdiction subject to the Svalbard Treaty that is, unlike Norway proper, outside of the Schengen Area, the Nordic Passport Union and the European Economic Area.
Since 2002, Svalbard's main settlement, Longyearbyen, has had an elected local government, somewhat similar to mainland municipalities. Other settlements include the Russian mining community of Barentsburg, the research station of Ny-Ålesund, and the mining outpost of Sveagruva. Other settlements are farther north, but are populated only by rotating groups of researchers.
The islands were first used as a whaling base by whalers who sailed far north in pursuit of whales for blubber in the 17th and 18th centuries, after which they were abandoned. Coal mining started at the beginning of the 20th century, and several permanent communities were established. The Svalbard Treaty of 1920 recognizes Norwegian sovereignty, and the 1925 Svalbard Act made Svalbard a full part of the Kingdom of Norway. They also established Svalbard as a free economic zone and a demilitarized zone. The Norwegian Store Norske and the Russian Arktikugol remain the only mining companies in place. Research and tourism have become important supplementary industries, with the University Centre in Svalbard (UNIS) and the Svalbard Global Seed Vault playing critical roles. No roads connect the settlements; instead snowmobiles, aircraft and boats serve inter-community transport. Svalbard Airport, Longyear serves as the main gateway.
The archipelago features an Arctic climate, although with significantly higher temperatures than other areas at the same latitude. The flora take advantage of the long period of midnight sun to compensate for the polar night. Svalbard is a breeding ground for many seabirds, and also features polar bears, reindeer, the Arctic fox, and certain marine mammals. Seven national parks and twenty-three nature reserves cover two-thirds of the archipelago, protecting the largely untouched, yet fragile, natural environment. Approximately 60% of the archipelago is covered with glaciers, and the islands feature many mountains and fjords.
Svalbard and Jan Mayen are collectively assigned the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code "SJ". Both areas are administered by Norway, though they are separated by a distance of over 950 kilometres (590 miles; 510 nautical miles) and have very different administrative structures.
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Svalbardposten

Svalbardposten

Newspaper

  • Desc: Svalbardposten, founded in 1948, is a Norwegian weekly paper and online newspaper. It operates from Longyearbyen in Svalbard, Norway, and is published every Friday. It is the northernmost regularly published newspaper in the world. In 2014, it had a circulation of 2,636 copies every week. According to its estimates, it has more subscribers than there are people on Svalbard. Svalbardposten has five employees.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Svalbardposten
  • Type: Periodical, Thing
  • Result Score: 427.20

Svalbard and Jan Mayen

Country

  • Desc: Svalbard and Jan Mayen is a statistical designation defined by ISO 3166-1 for a collective grouping of two remote jurisdictions of Norway: Svalbard and Jan Mayen.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Svalbard_and_Jan_Mayen
  • Type: Country, Place, Thing, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 166.66
Svalbard Airport

Svalbard Airport

Airport in Longyearbyen, Svalbard and Jan Mayen

  • Desc: Svalbard Airport, Longyear is the main airport serving Svalbard in Norway. It is 5 km northwest of Longyearbyen on the west coast, and is the northernmost airport in the world with scheduled public flights.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Svalbard_Airport,_Longyear
  • Type: Place, Thing, Airport
  • Result Score: 65.73
Jan Mayen

Jan Mayen

Island in Svalbard and Jan Mayen

  • Desc: Jan Mayen is a Norwegian volcanic island in the Arctic Ocean, with no permanent population. It is 55 km long and 373 km² in area, partly covered by glaciers. It has two parts: larger northeast Nord-Jan and smaller Sør-Jan, linked by a 2.5 km wide isthmus.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Mayen
  • Type: Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 62.68
Governor of Svalbard

Governor of Svalbard

Government office in Longyearbyen, Svalbard and Jan Mayen

  • Desc: The Governor of Svalbard represents the Norwegian government in exercising its sovereignty over the Svalbard archipelago. The position reports to the Norwegian Ministry of Justice, but it maintains all Norwegian interests in the area, including environmental protection, law enforcement, representation, mediation, and civil matters, such as marriage, divorce.
  • URL: http://www.sysselmannen.no/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Governor_of_Svalbard
  • Type: Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 55.31
Svalbard reindeer

Svalbard reindeer

Animal

  • Desc: The Svalbard reindeer is a small subspecies of reindeer found on the Svalbard archipelago of Norway. Males average 65–90 kg in weight, females 53–70 kg, while for other reindeer generally body mass is 159–182 kg for males and 80–120 kg for females.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Svalbard_reindeer
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 55.30

Svalbard

Band

  • Desc: Svalbard are an English hardcore punk band from Bristol, formed in 2011. Following early material they have released two studio albums through Holy Roar Records: One Day All This Will End and It's Hard to Have Hope.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Svalbard_(band)
  • Type: Thing, MusicGroup
  • Result Score: 27.35
NoCGV Svalbard

NoCGV Svalbard

Vessel

  • Desc: The Norwegian Coast Guard icebreaker and offshore patrol vessel NoCGV Svalbard was constructed by Langsten AS at Tangen Verft shipyard in Kragerø and launched on 17 February 2001.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NoCGV_Svalbard
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 25.87
Nordaust-Svalbard Nature Reserve

Nordaust-Svalbard Nature Reserve

Nature reserve

  • Desc: Nordaust-Svalbard Nature Reserve is located in the north-eastern part of the Svalbard archipelago in Norway. The nature reserve covers all of Nordaustlandet, Kong Karls Land, Kvitøya, Sjuøyane, Storøya, Lågøya, Wilhelm Island, Wahlbergøya and a small section of the north-east corner of Spitsbergen.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nordaust-Svalbard_Nature_Reserve
  • Type: TouristAttraction, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 16.32

Svalbard

2016 film

  • Type: Movie, Thing
  • Result Score: 7.00

Svalbard

Musical group

  • Type: Thing, MusicGroup
  • Result Score: 7.00
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