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Tuskegee Airmen

Description. Lang: en

The Tuskegee Airmen 
were a group of primarily African-American military pilots (fighter and bomber) and airmen who fought in World War II. They formed the 332nd Expeditionary Operations Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Forces. The name also applies to the navigators, bombardiers, mechanics, instructors, crew chiefs, nurses, cooks and other support personnel.
All black military pilots who trained in the United States trained at Griel Field, Kennedy Field, Moton Field, Shorter Field and the Tuskegee Army Air Fields.  They were educated at Tuskegee Institute (latterly Tuskegee University), located near Tuskegee, Alabama. Of the 922 pilots, five were Haitians from the Haitian Air Force and one pilot was from Trinidad. It also included a Hispanic or Latino airman born in the Dominican Republic.The 99th Pursuit Squadron (later the 99th Fighter Squadron) was the first black flying squadron, and the first to deploy overseas (to North Africa in April 1943, and later to Sicily and Italy). The 332nd Fighter Group, which originally included the 100th, 301st and 302nd Fighter Squadrons, was the first black flying group. It deployed to Italy in early 1944. Although the 477th Bombardment Group trained with North American B-25 Mitchell bombers, they never served in combat. In June 1944, the 332nd Fighter Group began flying heavy bomber escort missions and, in July 1944, with the addition of the 99th Fighter Squadron, it had four fighter squadrons.
The 99th Fighter Squadron was initially equipped with Curtiss P-40 Warhawk fighter-bomber aircraft. The 332nd Fighter Group and its 100th, 301st and 302nd Fighter Squadrons were equipped for initial combat missions with Bell P-39 Airacobras (March 1944), later with Republic P-47 Thunderbolts (June–July 1944) and finally with the aircraft with which they became most commonly associated, the North American P-51 Mustang (July 1944). When the pilots of the 332nd Fighter Group painted the tails of their P-47s red, the nickname "Red Tails" was coined. The red markings that distinguished the Tuskegee Airmen included red bands on the noses of P-51s as well as a red rudder; the P-51B and D Mustangs flew with similar color schemes, with red propeller spinners, yellow wing bands and all-red tail surfaces.
The Tuskegee Airmen were the first African-American military aviators in the United States Armed Forces. During World War II, black Americans in many U.S. states were still subject to the Jim Crow laws and the American military was racially segregated, as was much of the federal government. The Tuskegee Airmen were subjected to discrimination, both within and outside the army.
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Tuskegee Airmen

Tuskegee Airmen

Military unit

  • Desc: The Tuskegee Airmen were a group of primarily African-American military pilots and airmen who fought in World War II. They formed the 332nd Expeditionary Operations Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Forces.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuskegee_Airmen
  • Type: Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 6341.75

The Tuskegee Airmen

Television movie

  • Desc: The Tuskegee Airmen is a 1995 HBO television movie based on the exploits of an actual groundbreaking unit, the first African-American combat pilots in the United States Army Air Corps, that fought in World War II.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Tuskegee_Airmen
  • Type: Thing, Movie, TVSeries
  • Result Score: 806.70

Red-Tail Angels: The Story of the Tuskegee Airmen of World War II

Book by Fredrick McKissack and Patricia McKissack

Troy Tigers

Baseball team

  • Desc: The Troy Tigers were a minor league baseball team, based in Troy, Alabama that played in the Alabama State League and its predecessor the Alabama–Florida League from 1936–1941.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troy_Tigers
  • Type: Thing, SportsTeam
  • Result Score: 94.06

In Their Own Words: The Tuskegee Airmen

2012 film

  • Type: Thing, Movie
  • Result Score: 38.78

Double Victory: The Tuskegee Airmen at War

Film

  • Type: Thing, Movie
  • Result Score: 33.60

The Tuskegee Airmen: The Men Who Changed a Nation

Book by Charles Francis

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 28.27

Red Tails: World War II's Tuskegee Airmen

Book by Steven L. Jones

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 12.00

332nd Fighter Group - Tuskegee Airmen

Book by Chris Bucholtz

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 12.00

The Tuskegee airmen

Book by Philip Brooks

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 12.00
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